Several major national causes marked the contemporary history of Bulgaria and paved the way for modern Bulgarian statehood and democracy: the Liberation, the Unification, and the Independence.
Today Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic with a democratic Constitution that enshrines the principle of the separation of powers and a system of checks and balances.The National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria as the legislative branch is the stronghold of representative democracy.
The basic functions of the National Assembly are to legislate and to exercise parliamentary control. The Parliament has a constitutive function as well. The major function of the National Assembly is to legislate by adopting, amending and rescinding laws. The National Assembly is the sole body vested with legislative authority based on the Constitution and the Rules of Organization and Procedure of the National Assembly. The control function of the National Assembly is to exercise oversight of the executive branch. The MPs contribute to the effective work of the Government and state administration by submitting questions and interpellations, and requiring reports. The constitutive function of the National Assembly is to elect, on a motion from the Prime Minister, the members of the Council of Ministers, the Chairman and members of the National Audit Office, the Governor and Deputy Governors of the Bulgarian National Bank and othe high level officials.